Образец иска о компенсации морального вреда на английском языке

Образец иска о компенсации морального вреда на английском языке

Канал «Стоппаника» подготовил перевод на английский язык образца иска о компенсации морального вреда незаконным введением пандемии

Мы рассчитываем, что наши соратники в других странах сделают в свои министерства иностранных дел запросы, как это показано в образце иска, о том, была ли объявлена пандемия официально, и на основании полученных ответов, а также на основании массовой дезинформации об этом со стороны правительств, которая есть у них на сайтах и в СМИ, они подадут иски о причинении морального вреда, а также, возможно, добьются возбуждения уголовных дел не только против своих правительств, но и против директора ВОЗ.

Как уже было сказано раньше, в России сейчас не лучшее время для этого, но мы просим всех, кто имеет соратников за рубежом, направить им этот документ. 

От всей души благодарю Юлию Сороцкую за качественный перевод документа.

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09:16 (отредактировано)
Мы рассчитываем, что наши соратники в других странах сделают в свои министерства иностранных дел запросы, как это показано в образце иска, о том, была ли объявлена пандемия официально, и на основании полученных ответов, а также на основании массовой дезинформации об этом со стороны правительств, которая есть у них на сайтах и в СМИ, они подадут иски о причинении морального вреда, а также, возможно, добьются возбуждения уголовных дел не только против своих правительств, но и против директора ВОЗ., сообщает https://stoppanika.ru/articles/86-obrazec-iska-o-kompensacii-moralnogo-vreda-na-angliiskom-jazyke.html

Для того, чтобы рассчитывать, нужно было полный текст на английском выложить, чтобы его поисковики увидели. А так его никто из иностранцев-единомышленников не найдет, если будет искать инфу по сети.

Кроме того, текст на других языках поднял бы рейтинг и посещаемость ресурса.

21:30
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CLASS ACTION STATEMENT OF CLAIM FOR COMPENSATION OF MORAL DAMAGE

A group of persons — citizens of the Russian Federation – consisting of more than 20 people applied to me with written statements in accordance with paragraph 6 of Art. 244.22 of the Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation to protect in court their rights and legitimate interests violated, in our common opinion, by the unlawful actions of the Government of the Russian Federation expressed in the public and repeated use of the concepts of “pandemic” and “epidemic” in 2020-2021 in relation to disease COVID-19, being a lie and misinformation of the entire population, which created a panic causing us moral harm (physical and moral suffering).

According to paragraph 17 of Article 1 of the Federal Law of the Russian Federation “On the sanitary and epidemiological wellbeing of the population” № 52-FZ of March 30, 1999, epidemics include infectious diseases that rapidly spread among the population. According to the same article, it is the presence of an epidemic that makes it possible to classify such a disease as an infectious disease that poses a danger to others, which, in turn, allows restricting the rights of citizens, for example, in accordance with clause 6) part 1 of Art. 51 of the entitled law.

By virtue of paragraph 5.5. of the Regulations on Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Wellbeing (Rospotrebnadzor) — it informs the state authorities of the Russian Federation, state authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local governments and the population about a sanitary and epidemiological situation, posts information about the epidemiological situation on its website including information on exceeding epidemic thresholds1.

There has been no official announcement of the COVID-19 epidemic in Russia. This is confirmed by:

  • the absence of a corresponding official announcement on the website of Rospotrebnadzor and in the press;
  • Letter of Rospotrebnadzor 09-23278-2021-40 dated 10/25/2021, — probably, this is a response to an inquiry by deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation M.G. Delyagin2 which says “No epidemics of plague, cholera, smallpox and other dangerous infectious diseases have been recorded on the territory of the Russian Federation in the period from 2020 to the present time”, and COVID-19 is recognized as a disease that poses a danger to others3;
  • Letter of the Office of Rospotrebnadzor in St. Petersburg №. 78-00-09/21-48337-2021 dated 08/31/2021 (personal data of the recipient are hidden at his request), which says that “the concept of an epidemic and an epidemic threshold in relation to COVID-19 is currently not applicable”.

Thus, the COVID-19 epidemic in Russia was not officially declared and could not be declared.

At the same time, if there is no epidemic, then there is no pandemic, since the pandemic is, as stated in the last letter, the greatest intensity of the epidemic process. A pandemic without an epidemic.

Term “pandemic” does not exist in the Russian legislation at all, and it is illegal to use as a regime for restriction of rights, and there are other concepts in the laws to determine the spread of infectious diseases including the concept of “epidemic”. According to the norms of the administrative law, authorities are endowed with quite definite powers, beyond which they cannot go, which means that they are not entitled to use in their work terms that define the most important social processes that are not contained in the laws and in their competence, especially, in the presence of a legal analogue, since this means going beyond the limits of existing powers, that is, the excess of powers.

No authority in Russia has the right to declare a pandemic. It is illegal. Nobody announced it, but the term was used every day in all mass media and on the websites of the authorities, creating a total panic.

Term “pandemic” existed in the documents of the World Health Organization until 2010, and in 2009 a swine flu pandemic was declared, but later, exactly because of the criticism, in particular, by PACE, this term was excluded from the WHO regulations and could no longer be legally used.

However, on March 11, 2020, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General, stated that the situation with the spread of COVID-19 might be described as a pandemic4.

At the same time, no information was reported who and how made the decision that it was a pandemic. Declaring the outbreak of COVID-19 as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) which was made by the WHOon January 30, 2020 is a sufficient and legitimate response by WHO to the threatening spread of the disease in accordance with WHO regulations, but does not mean at all the recognition of this PHEIC as a pandemic.

By declaring a pandemic and supporting it subsequently, the WHO Director General has gone beyond the existing rules and competences.

The All-Russian Public Organization “League of Patient Defenders” sent an inquiry to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, from which a response was received from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation No. Director General of WHO that the concept of “pandemic” in the legal environment is absent and there is no procedure for its announcement.

Declaring a pandemic and supporting it subsequently, the WHO Director General has gone beyond the existing rules and competences.

The All-Russian public organization “League of Patient Defenders” sent an inquiry to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation which sent back response №11374/dmo dated 28.09.20215 which states that COVID-19 pandemic was declared unofficially, the WHO Director-General having no authorities for that, concept “pandemic does not exist in the legal environment, and there is no procedure for its announcement.

The letter from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation clearly states: “There is no definition of this concept agreed upon at the level of the WHO governing bodies… Unlike the announcement of PHEIC regime, the introduction of term “pandemic” from a legal point of view is not regulated and does not imply the adoption of additional special response measures”.

It should be taken into account that the opinion of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation laid down in the letter that “The statement made by WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom on March 11, 2020 that the spread of COVID-19 acquired the character of a pandemic was aimed at drawing the attention of the political leadership of countries-members to the problem (in his speech, Tedros Adhanom emphasized serious concern about the rapid spread of the infection and the alarming level of inaction, ”is of not a legal nature and is aimed at an attempt to justify the illegal actions not only of the WHO, but also of officials in Russia who followed the illegal instructions of the WHO to promote “pandemic”, including the actions of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs itself, on the website of which word “pandemic” is also mentioned for many times (a search on the website of the Russian Foreign Ministry shows 1780 mentions).

Screenshot translation:

Search results:

Pandemic

Expanded settings

Symbol * replaces any amount of symbols. It allows searching by part of a word and find all possible word form after: “For example: Ivanov

Total found: 1780

Interview of Director of the First European Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia A.V. Paramonov to international information agency “Russia Today”, March 19, 2022

March 22 – Question: In 2020, Russia provided Italy with a large-scale aid in the struggle with coronavirus pandemic, specialized equipment, ALV units, masks, protective..

Interview of Director of the First European Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia A.V. Paramonov to international information agency “Russia Today”, March 19, 2022 [Press service/For the help to journalists/Internet media resources]

Materials in other sections

Speech and responses to questions of the Minister of Foreign Affairs S.V. Lavrov during the meeting with students and lecturers of Moscow State University of International Relations, Moscow, March 25, 2022

Yesterday – Dear Anatoly Vasilyevich, dear friends, colleagues, I consider our meeting being in time. At the difficult stages of history, you always want to speak with like-minded people, to feel how..

Yesterday — Speech and responses to questions of the Minister of Foreign Affairs S.V. Lavrov during the meeting with students and lecturers of Moscow State Institute (University) of International Relations, Moscow, March 25, 2022. [Foreign policy/News]

Materials in other sections

The mentioned International Health Regulations and the WHO Charter clearly describe the powers and procedures for the actions of WHO officials. They do not state any right to declare a pandemic. This means that its announcement in an informal form should be regarded as exceeding the norms of international law

On the WHO6website, word “pandemic” continues to be right on the front site page on the red background, drawing the attention of all people coming and scaring them.

It is used in a huge number of pressing messages and statements. The Russian government does the same on its website and specially designed official COVID-19 website.


There are hundreds of such messages on the website of the Government of the Russian Federation. And the same are also found on the websites of all state authorities that are directly or indirectly subordinated to the Government of the Russian Federation, that is, there are probably tens of thousands of them.

In fact, the Government of Russia allowed and became an accomplice on the territory of our state in the active spread of panic disinformation and the position of an international organization which was voiced by its leader in violation of the international legal norms, that is, in fact, was illegal and had a subversive nature for the economy, life and health almost all residents of Russia.

Moreover, this position was taken up by the Government of Russia without assessing the threat adequacy, turned into maximum pressure in mass media, where tens of thousands of publications about it appeared.

This position is supported even in the decisions of higher courts, for example, in the Resolution of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation № 49-POn the case of checking the constitutionality of subparagraph 3 of paragraph 5 of the resolution of the Governor of the Moscow Region “On the introduction in the Moscow Region of a high alert regime for the authorities and forces of the Moscow Regional system for the prevention and liquidation of emergency situations and some measures to prevent the spread of a new coronavirus infection (COVID-2019) on the territory of the Moscow Region «in connection with the request of the Protvinsky City Court of the Moscow Region», — there is a reference to the constitutional norms about the epidemic, but without verification of the fact of the presence of an epidemic itself, and a pandemic is taken for granted based only on the statement of the Director-General of WHO at the briefing.

The Decree does notevaluate the applicability in this case of the Federal Law “On the Protection of the Population and Territories from Natural and Technogenic Emergencies”, while the rights of citizens during epidemics are regulated by a completely different, special law – “On the Sanitary and Epidemiological Welfare of the Population”, and are contained in the law.

Such work of the courts itself causes moral harm by the low quality justice activity, the unfair and biased decision of the highest Russian court in favor of the state against citizens.

In their desire to intimidate the population, Russian government officials equated COVID-19 with the plague and the Spanish flu — the worst diseases of the past.

So, in case № AKPI21-77 considered by another highest court of Russia — the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation7in favor of the Government of the Russian Federation, in Appendix № 3 to the Amended objections, paragraph 3, the representatives of the defendant — the Government of the Russian Federation — wrote: “By the number of deaths, as of April 2021, COVID-19 is already more than twice the size of the Spanish flu pandemic: 2.7 million versus 1.2 million

However, according to Rospotrebnadzor8and the WHO, 50 to 100 million people died from the Spanish flu. Thus, this is a direct lie of official representatives of the Government of the Russian Federation exactly in the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation generated in order to intimidate the population and the court.

Public (in the press) equation of pathogenicity of COVID-19 to plague by Vice Prime Minister of the Government of the Russian Federation Golikova T.A. is deliberately false, since plague belongs to the first group of pathogenicity9, and covid — to the second one (and this, not taking into account the disputes about the feasibility of introduction COVID-19 to the second group)10. The mass media, as we see, spread this lie in all the blackest versions and details, without criticism and the opinion of opponents.

The illegal use of terms “pandemic” and “epidemic” in relation to COVID-19 has consequences for the entire country and, in particular, for us.

  • With the repeated, massive, aggressive use in the press and on the websites of the authorities, fear, depression and panic were created throughout society;
  • Medical organizations appeared to be filled with non-profile patients and were re-profiled because the decisions made by the authorities frightened people and even obligated citizens to be hospitalized if they suspected ARVI;
  • Using these concepts, restrictions were introduced on the basic constitutional rights of citizens — to freedom of movement, including leaving their own homes, to work, to entrepreneurship, to education;
  • Distance forms of learning introduced under the “pandemic” has harmed the mental and physical health of children and adults;
  • Under fear of the pandemic, untested “vaccines” and drugs were widely used; in less than two years, the Russian Ministry of Health has adopted 14 recommendations for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 which is hard to imagine for achieving a safe effect. Physicians did not have time to learn how to apply these methods;
  • In accordance with the regulatory legal acts of Rospotrebnadzor, citizens are required to wear two masks — medical and hygienic, although the safety of none of them for consumers has been proven, and wearing a mask itself has constantly created conflicts between people, up to attacks, not to mention millions of fines for the right to breathe freely;
  • Cultural life of the country was paralyzed — concerts, museums, exhibitions for the most part did not work or were not available without additional conditions.

In 2020, with the appearance of COVID-19, the WHO has created a new term — “infodemic”, which surprisingly accurately reflects the negative information campaign that the WHO itself supports with the support of the governments of many countries, including the Government of the Russian Federation. On its website, WHO issued a warning about the threat of an infodemic — an excess of information that can be misleading or even harmful. It says that huge amounts of information can be hazardous to human health for the following reasons:

  • They complicate the search of clear and evidence-based health information and health recommendations.
  • Due to their scale, accessibility, and ubiquitous presence, they contribute to anxiety, worry, and other mental health problems.
  • They force people to follow misleading or even dangerous recommendations.
  • They make people exhausted and disinterested and hostile to information coming from public health services.
  • They give rise to xenophobia, hatred and rejection.

There is no doubt that the WHO and the Government of the Russian Federation have been doing just that for the past 2 years, creating a panicking environment based on misinformation about the pandemic and the epidemic. We are talking about millions of publications in all media and on the websites of government bodies.

We present another document that describes the consequences of such a lie very well, which makes it possible not even to prove its consequences, but simply to refer to them as facts confirming the existence of moral harm and demand compensation for it.

The document is presented as a Joint Statement by the WHO, UN, UNICEF, UNDP, UNESCO, UNAIDS, ITU, UN Global Pulse and IFRC. It is titled “Managing the COVID-19 Infodemic: Promoting healthy behaviours and mitigating the harm from misinformation and disinformation”11.

The very title of the document contains word “pandemic”, which was not declared, that is, the very title of the document on disinformation and lies already contains disinformation and lies.

Further quote:

An infodemic is an overabundance of information, both online and offline. It includes deliberate attempts to disseminate wrong information(it is directly about the pandemic – remark of the plaintiffs) to undermine the public health response and advance alternative agendas of groups or individuals. Mis- and disinformation can be harmful to people’s physical and mental health; increase stigmatization; threaten precious health gains; and lead to poor observance of public health measures, thus reducing their effectiveness and endangering countries’ ability to stop the pandemic.

Misinformation costs lives. Without the appropriate trust and correct information, diagnostic tests go unused, immunization campaigns (or campaigns to promote effective vaccines) will not meet their targets, and the virus will continue to thrive.

Furthermore, disinformation is polarizing public debate on topics related to COVID-19; amplifying hate speech; heightening the risk of conflict, violence and human rights violations; and threatening long-terms prospects for advancing democracy, human rights and social cohesion”.

There is no doubt that the WHO itself together with the Government of the Russian Federation, by illegally using term “pandemic”, have created the negative consequences that are quoted here and which can rightfully be attributed to these terms.

Thus, it is already formulated in the WHO document that as a result of the infodemic, disinformation and panic, society and me received:

  • harm to the physical and mental health of people; the increased stigmatization; jeopardizing critical health gains; and generating disregard for public health measures, thereby reducing their effectiveness and limiting the ability of countries to put an end to lies and misinformation;
  • false rumors and information that takes people's lives;
  • false rumors leading to polarization of public opinion on issues related to COVID-19;
  • provoking hate speech; increasing the risk of conflict, violence and human rights violations; and jeopardizing long-term prospects for strengthening democracy, human rights and social cohesion.

Here the statement by the Research Institute of Hygiene and Health Protection of Children and Adolescents should be added “From April 27 to May 26, 2020, the Federal State Autonomous Institution «National Medical Research Center for Children's Health” of the Ministry of Health of Russia carried out a study “Health condition of schoolchildren during distance learning in the period of COVID-19 epidemic”.12

It is based precisely on the fact that there is an epidemic and a pandemic as a basis for adopting a decision to isolate children.

The anonymous survey involved 29779 schoolchildren in classes 5-11 living in cities (70% of respondents) and rural areas (30% of respondents) in 79 regions of Russia.

According to the results obtained, as a result of isolation and distance learning, 80% of schoolchildren showed unfavorable mental responses, as well as:

It can be stated that only 13.4% of schoolchildren have a favorable medical, psychological and social adaptationto the conditions ofself-isolation and distance learning. 30.7%of respondents have signs of computer vision syndrome, and 4.2% — carpal tunnel (“carpal”) syndrometypical for professionals related to information and communication technologies and their means of support. An integral part of the implementation of online learning is the use of headphones, among which the most accessible for teenagers are plug-in in-ear models. According to experts, including the WHO, the use of such models increases the risk of development of hearing and nervous system disorders. The survey demonstrated that 72.5% of teenagers use headphones. Approximately, every fifth student used them for no more than 1 hour, and the same number of teenagers — no more than 2-3 hours a day, and over the third of the respondents (39.8%) — 4 or more hours a day.

The vast majority of schoolchildren (73.1%) showed that they used a smartphone for lessons. This situation should be considered as very alarming and unacceptable, since smartphone capabilities do not provide the necessary conditions for the visual work of schoolchildren in accordance with hygienic requirements. The diagonal of the device screen does not allow achieving the necessary optimal parameters for the visual work of the font design of the content of educational information. With regular and long-term use during training sessions, a smartphone should be considered as a serious risk factor for the development of visual pathology in children and adolescents. The use of digital devices is largely associated with the tasks of distance learning: participation in online lessons (50.2% of respondents), doing homework (79.9%), searching for information (62.1%), reading (16.4% of children). More than 77.1% of respondents spent 4 hours or more daily with digital gadgets, and 42.7% of them — at least 4-6 hours, and 34.5% of schoolchildren have „screen time“ of 7 hours or more..”.

Thus, distance learning introduced due to the panic, “pandemic” and “epidemic” of COVID-19, caused direct harm to the mental and physical health of most children, including ours, who were sent to distance learning.

To varying degrees, adults sent into isolation or distant work, or education experience similar mental and physical health outcomes. Thus, every third Russian complained of a depressive mood in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, sociologists found out. At the same time, the number of people who had suicidal thoughts of at least once has increased by 2 times13.

The press and the Internet are full of articles about depression in people as a result of a “pandemic” — and these same articles themselves create this panic14, being largely false and criminal, if only because they are based on the assertion that there is an “epidemic” or “pandemic”

It should also be stated that it will take many years to restore the economy and the psyche of our society, trust in the state and medicine, in each other after the lies and misinformation created, and this lawsuit is part of the mechanism for restoring trust.

In accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and Art. 151 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, if a citizen has suffered moral harm (physical and moral suffering), by actions that violate his personal non-property rights or infringe on non-material benefits belonging to the citizen, as well as in other cases provided for by law, the court may impose on the offender the obligation of monetary compensation for the specified harm.

According to Article 1101 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, moral damage is compensated in cash. The amount of compensation for moral damage is determined by the court, depending on the nature of the physical and moral suffering caused to the victim, as well as the degree of guilt of the tortfeasor in cases where guilt is the basis for compensation for harm. When determining the amount of compensation for harm, the requirements of reasonableness and fairness should be taken into account. The nature of physical and moral suffering is assessed by the court, taking into account the actual circumstances under which the moral harm was inflicted and the individual characteristics of the victim.

In accordance with paragraph 2 of the Decree of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation of December 20, 1994 No. 10 “Some issues of the application of legislation on compensation for moral damage”, moral damage is understood as moral or physical suffering caused by actions (inaction) that encroach on the property belonging to a citizen from birth or by virtue of the law intangible benefits (life, health, personal dignity, business reputation, privacy, personal and family secrets, etc.), or violating his personal non-property rights (the right to use his own name, the right of authorship and others non-property rights in accordance with laws on the protection of rights to the results of intellectual activity) or violating the property rights of a citizen.

As a result of lies and misinformation about the pandemic and epidemic, we experienced the fear of a deadly mass disease (but over 2 years, even 4 million deaths per 7 billion inhabitants of the Earth cannot be considered such — this is as much as dying from pneumonia according to WHO (2 million per year15), but at the same time, the true causes of even this mortality require investigation, since there are many reasons to believe that these statistics are distorted), fear of being left without work and livelihood, fear for loved ones, panic shared by everyone, discomfort from restrictions of elementary rights — to go outside, breathe without a mask, go to visit or go to the store, the need of untested “vaccine” injections, to administer untested drugs, go to the doctor's office at any temperature rise, constant disputes and showdowns due to the fact that yesterday it was still the norm, but now it is impossible, etc.

These two years have led to constant debate among people about what is, what is not, what is right or wrong with COVID-19.

Moral damage was caused by distress due to daily disinformation by the Government of the Russian Federation, contradictions and aggression of the information provided, due to the inability to continue an active social life, going in for sports, loss of work and business, dissemination of false information, increased mortality from not very understandable reasons, which may be related precisely to the panic in the actions of the Russian Government itself, temporary restriction or deprivation of rights — to work, education, movement, due to the occurrence of depressions, fears, conflicts, even attacks of citizens on each other.

The described actions of the Government of the Russian Federation caused harm to our mental health, in connection herewith I ask you to exempt us from the state duty in accordance with Part 3) of Clause 1 of Art. 333.36 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation — on claims for compensation for harm caused by injury or other damage to health.

In accordance with Art. 28 Code of Civil Procedure of the Russian Federation, the claim is brought to the court at the place of residence of the defendant. A claim against an organization is filed with the court at the location of the organization.

Since, according to paragraph 6 of Art. 244.20 of the Code of Civil Procedure of the Russian Federation, the plaintiffs have the right to join the claim before the debate begins, it is not possible to determine the number of plaintiffs by the time the claim is filed, and therefore I ask the Court to determine the final price of the claim by the time the debate begins.

Based on the foregoing, as well as on the basis of Articles 150, 151, 1095-1101 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, Chapter 22.3 of the Code of Civil Procedure of the Russian Federation

I ask the Court:

To oblige the Government of the Russian Federation to compensate for moral damages in the amount of one million rubles for each plaintiff.

Name of the plaintiff's representative

Date of

Full name and signatures of the plaintiffs (at least 20)

Annexes

  1. Letter from Rospotrebnadzor 09-23278-2021-40 dated 10/25/2021
  2. Letter of the Office of Rospotrebnadzor in St. Petersburg № 78-00-09/21-48337-2021 dated 31.08.2021.
  3. Inquiry of the “League of Patients” dated 11.09.2021 to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
  4. Letter of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation № 11374 / dmo dated 09/28/2021
  5. Analytical report (pathogenicity and contagiousness of a new coronavirus infection (additional materials to the objection regarding the arguments of the collective administrative claim” by Federal State Budgetary Institution N.F. Gamaleya Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology) of the Ministry of Health of Russia (pp. 1 and 4 of Appendix № 3 to the Amended objections, Administrative file № AKPI21-77, Decision of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation of 15.04.2021)16
  6. 2 copies of the application for joining the claim for the protection of the rights and legitimate interests of a group of persons — for compensation for moral damage by the Government of the Russian Federation for the illegal use of terms “pandemic” and “epidemic”
  7. 2 copies of the claim with annexeshereto

______________________

16The case considered by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation by to the collective administrative lawsuit to the Government of the Russian Federation on the recognition of the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of January 2020 № 66 “On the introduction of the change in the list of diseases posing threat to others” as invalid’

Translations of the official letters by the state authorities

Originals are attached below

FEDERAL SERVICE FOR SURVEILLANCE ON CONSUMER RIGHTS PROTECTION AND HUMAN WELLBEING

(ROSPOTREBNADZOR)

Vadkovsky lane, 18, bld. 5 and 7, Moscow,127994

Tel: 8 (499) 973-26-90, Fax: 8 (499) 973-26-43

Email: depart@gsen.ruwww.rospotrebnadzor.ru

OKPO 0028339 OGRN 1047796261512

25.10.2021№ 09-23278-2021-40

To № _________dated

On the review of the inquiry on provision of the data

concerning epidemics recorded on the territory of the

Russian Federation

Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumers Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing has reviewed your application and informs as follows:

The World Health Organization characterized an epidemiological situation with coronavirus infection COVID-19 worldwide in March 2020, as well as on the territory of the Russian Federation, as a pandemic due to the rapid increase of the disease cases.

In accordance with Federal Law dated 21.12.1994 № 68-FZ “On the Protection of the Population and Territories from Natural and Technogenic Emergencies” and due to the threat of spreading of a new coronavirus infection (COVID-19), a high-alert regime or extreme-situation regime in the Russian Federation was not introduced in general by the Government of the Russian Federation or President of the Russian Federation. Meanwhile, the high-alert regime was introduced since February-March 2020 in all subjects of the Russian Federation (including the Krasnodar Region) in accordance with subclause I article 11 of Federal Law dated 21.12.1994 № 68-FZ which acts up to the present time.

No epidemics of plague, cholera, smallpox and other dangerous infectious diseases have been recorded on the territory of the Russian Federation in the period from 2020 to the present time.

Screenshot translations STOPCORONAVIRUS.RF
…coronavirus in the country, but highlighted that the Russian Federation is ready to the so-called “second wave”, as it has instruments of struggle with COVID-19. She declared about it in the interview to Forbes on Friday, October 2. [Melita] Vuinovich stated that the reason for the increase of the identified coronavirus cases in Russia lied in the behavior of the country citizens who were bored of adhering to prevention measures including distance and did not understand that pandemics was a new reality. At the same time, she appealed to regional authorities depending on the epidemiologic situation to avoid large lockdowns. She highlighted that personal responsibility of Russians and business that should protect employees and clients would play it role in the situation.

Lockdowns have a tremendous negative impact on economics, correspondingly, local limitations may be a way out, but of course…

Media News The WHO told that the coronavirus epidemic ends MOSCOW, Nov 1 – RIA News.

The growth of the coronavirus morbidity by 18% has been observed for the last two weeks in the European region, including Russia, for the pandemic to stop, it is necessary to achieve a necessary level of population immunity, declared the official WHO representative in Russia Melita Vuinovich.

We observe now …the European region when the number of cases is increasing (coronavirus infection). Not only in Russia but also in many countries of the European region. The increase is 18% per cent during the last 14 days, and the increase of mortality is almost at the same level. There are many vulnerable –either not vaccinated, or people not having been sick, i.e. not

having the immunity” – said Vuinovich in the broadcast of TV channel “Russia 1”.

December 28, 2021 12:17 RIA NEWS [Michael] Murashko hopes that COVID-19pandemic ends in 2022 MOSCOW, December 28 – RIA News.

For the victory over the pandemic, every human should take part in the process, we want to believe that it ends in the next year, declared Minister of Health in Russia, Mikhail Murashko.

“I want to believe that it all will end but we should not come to a false impression that now some person will say, flaps a magic stick, and all becomes the way as it has been before. Everyone should participate in the current complex process and complex task, everyone should feel it” – said Murashko in the broadcast of channel “Russia 24” answering …

November 21, 15:13 TASS Media News Coronavirus pandemicmay provoke an outbreak of measles

One of the negative consequences of the ongoing coronavirus pandemic in the world may become an outbreak of measles.

Such conclusion was made by scientists from the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute in Melburn, Australia supported by SAGE (consultative immunization group) specialized in measles and rubella vaccines of the World Health Organization (WHO). The investigators told about the results of their work in Lancet journal.

Scientists suppose that … missed to due to…

October 13, 2020 18:19 RT Media news

Ministry of Health: coronavirus pandemicis amidst of its development

Pandemic of coronavirus infection COVID-19 is amidst its development. Deputy chief of the Ministry of Health of Russia Oleg Gridnev declared so during forum ”Pandemic-2020: challenges, decisions, consequences”

“We meet and hold such a forum amidst, I think, pandemic development, and all studies tell about that”- Gridnev is quoted by RIA News.

According to him, nowadays, it is the stage when “some definite conclusions may be made on previous..”

New Video welcome by Mikhail Mishustin to participants of XII Gaidar forum – “International Academic and Research Conference “Russia and world after the pandemic
Meeting of the Government January 27, 2022 Agenda: the increase of social help, receipt of a certificate on covid vaccination contraindications at portal of the state services, support of regional outpatient facilities in the pandemicconditions, development of opportunities for physical training and sport
Popova I.V. 499 973 17 34

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FEDERAL SERVICE FOR SURVEIILANCE OVER

CONSUMERS RIGHT PROTECTION AND HUMAN WELLBEING

Administrative Office of the Federal Service for Surveillance on

Consumers Right Protection and Human Wellbeing in Saint Petersburg

Stremyannaya Str., 19, lit. A

Saint Petersburg, 191025

Phone 764-42-38 fax 764-55-82

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OKPO 74851156 OGRN 1057810212503

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31.08.2021 № 78-00-09.21-48337-2021

To № __________ dated ___________

Response to the inquiry

Dear Elena Mikhailovna!

Your application dated 18.08.21 № 33088/Zh-2021 was reviewed by the Administrative Office.

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization at the press briefing on COVID-19 declared a pandemic of a new coronavirus infection (COVID-19).

Pandemic – the highest intensity of development of an epidemiologic process when a progressive spread of an infection leads to an extraordinary infestation of population on large territories with the coverage of entire countries, continents and the earth.

Epidemic – morbidity exceeding an epidemic threshold for an infectious disease. An epidemic threshold is calculated on the basis of statistical data on cumulative morbidity in intensive values per 10 thous. population for calendar weeks of each year during the last 5-10 years. Due to that, concept of epidemic and an epidemic threshold in relation to COVID-19 is currently not applicable.

Any epidemics of other infectious diseases in the period since 01.01.2020 up to 17.08.2021 were not recorded.

Head of the Epidemiological Surveillance Administrative Office The original of the electronic document signed with electronic signature is kept at the Intergovernmental System of Electronic Document Turnover of Rospotrebnadzor Details of ES certificate Certificate 379692FC1880F9830A7DS6820F2596FC38420

Owner Julia V. Demina

Valid from 16-09-2021 up to 16-12-2022

Julia V. Demina
ALL-RUSSIAN PUBLIC ORGANIZATIONLEAGUE OF PATIENT DEFENDERS

ligap.ru8-800-100-2-765

      1. liga@ligap.ru

To Minister of Foreign Affairs

Of the Russian Federation

Lavrov S.V.

Dear Sergey Victorovich!

On March 11, 2020 Director General of the WHO Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus declared that spread of COVID-19 may be characterized as a pandemic.1

Due to that, please clarify:

Should be the statement considered as official? If yes – on the basis of which the statement was done? Are there any decisions of WHO competent authorities? Is Director General authorized to declare a pandemic?

Iwould grateful for your responses.

Deputy Head The original of the electronic document signed with electronic signature is kept at the Intergovernmental System of Electronic Document Turnover of Rospotrebnadzor Details of ES certificate Certificate 01D68AA5A1B1A55000000004CFC20001

Owner Elena I. Smirnova

Valid from 14-09-2020 up to 14-09-2021

E.I. Smirnova
___________1https://www.who.int/director-general/speeches/deta...
President of the “League of Patients”, expert of the Russian Academy of Sciences, member of the Expert Board at the Government of the Russian Federation [Signature] LEAGUE OF PATIENT DEFENDERS A.V. Saversky

Dear Alexander Vladmirovich,

due to your Application to Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation S.V. Lavrov dated September 11, we inform you as follows.

The legal bases of the multi-party collaboration in the preparedness and response to outbreaks of hazardous infectious diseases is formed by the International Health Regulations (IHR) which were adopted in the current revision during the 58thsession of the World Health Assembly (WHA0 in May 2005 and came into effect in June 2007.

In accordance with IHR, if any or another event, in particular, an outbreak of an infectious disease represents a global-scale danger, the WHO Director General based on the recommendation of the corresponding Committee of WHO experts declares a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). The introduction of PHEI regime means the highest threat level. The procedure for adoption of a decision whether to declare PHEIC is clearly laid down in the International Health Regulations.

The PHEIC due to the outbreak and global spread of a new coronavirus infection was declared on January 30, 2020.

Term “pandemic” is not used in IHR. Moreover, there is no definition of the concept which is harmonized at the level of WHO governing bodies. At the same time, term “pandemic” in relation to a new coronavirus infection is used, for example, in WHA resolution WHA73.1 “Struggle with COVID-19” dated May 18, 2020 adopted unanimously by all countries – members of the WHO.

Unlike the declaration of PHEIC regime, introduction of term “pandemic” from a legal point of view is not regulated and does not imply adoption of additional special response measures. The statement made by the WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom on March 11, 2020 that spread of COVID-19 acquired a nature of a pandemic was aimed at drawing the attention of the political leadership of countries-members to the problem (in his speech, Tedros Adhanom emphasized serious concern about the rapid spread of the infection and the alarming level of inaction).

Best regards,

MNISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

(MAF OF RUSSIA)

Smolenskaya-Sennaya Avenue, 32/34,

G-200, Moscow, 119200

Tel. (499) 244-16-06, fax (499) 244-91-57

www.mid.ru

28.09.2021 № 11374/дмо

To № ________dated

PRESIDENT OF ALL-RUSSIAN PIBLIC ORGANIZATION

LEAGUE OF PATIENT DEFENDERS”

A.V. SAVERSKY

Federal State Budgetary Institution N.F. Gamaleya Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology of the Ministry of Health of RussiaAnalytical report (pathogenicity and contagiousness of a new coronavirus infection (additional materials to the OBJECTION regarding the arguments of the collective administrative claim)

Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) is an infectious agent of an acute respiratory disease COVID-19.

SARS-CoV-2 was first found in Wuhan, China as a result of an outbreak of a respiratory disease of unknown etiology on December 12, 2019 [1] and began spreading rapidly in China. By January 31, 2020, the disease cases were found already in 19 countries, their number exceeded 9 thousand [2]. Then the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the epidemiological situation concerning COVID-19 to be a public health emergency of international concern, and on March 11, 2020 – a pandemic [3].

High contagiousness of SARS-CoV-2 is directly related to its structural-biological particularities. The coronavirus is evolutionary plastic, owing to the large genome size, presence of polymerase with high frequency of replication errors, particularities of recombination and life cycle which provides the appearance of new, more contagious variants of SARS-CoV-2 [4-7]. British (B.1.17), South African (B.1.351) and Brazilian (P.1) variants are of special concern [8]. Cases of SARS-CoV-2 re-infection are described [9].

New coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has the greatest reproduction index R0(2.5) compared to the severe acute respiratory syndrome virus SARS-CoV (2.4) causing the outbreak of atypical pneumonia in 2002-2003, Spanish flu virus (type A serotype H1N1) causing influenza pandemic in 2009 (1,7) [10]. By the number of deaths, as of April 2021, COVID-19 is already more than twice the size of the Spanish flu pandemic: 2.7 million versus 1.2 million. [10,11].

Clinical manifestations of infection SARS-CoV-2 are variable and involve various organ systems.

List of references: see the original

DEPUTY HEAD OF THE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS DEPARTMENT [SIGNATURE] S. KONONUCHENKO

1 www.rospotrebnadzor.ru/about/info/news/news_details.php?ELEMENT_ID=20586&sphrase_id=4021155

2by.tsargrad.tv/news/rospotrebnadzor-oficialno-priznal-otsutstvie-kakih-libo-infekcionnyh-jepidemij-v-rossii_456239

3Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated January 31, 2020 № 66 “On introduction of changes to the list of diseases that pose threat to others

4www.euro.who.int/ru/health-topics/health-emergencies/coronavirus-covid-19/news/news/2020/3/who-announces-covid-19-outbreak-a-pandemic

5 https://stoppanika.ru/doc/27-pandemii-net-epidemii-net-pisma-podtverzhdenija.html

6 https://www.who.int/ru/home

7The case considered by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation by to the collective administrative lawsuit to the Government of the Russian Federation on the recognition of the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of January 2020 № 66 “On the introduction of the change in the list of diseases posing threat to others” as invalid’ https://www.rospotrebnadzor.ru/about/info/news/new... [1]

8www.rospotrebnadzor.ru/about/info/news/news_details.php?ELEMENT_ID=18044

9Part 1105 sanitary rules and SanPin 3.3686-21”Sanitary and epidemiological requirements for the prevention of infectious diseases

10 https://tass.ru/obschestvo/12294059

11www.who.int/ru/news/item/23-09-2020-managing-the-covid-19-infodemic-promoting-healthy-behaviours-and-mitigating-the-harm-from-misinformation-and-disinformation

12 Problems of school and university medicine and health № 2—2020: schoolshealth.ru/docs/2-2020/KuchmaVR_etall_2_2020_4-23.pdf?fbclid=IwAR1pWcqI_pnQpwBDTU7tke7_qEc1whIsSsesWHkQyj7OrcCc1BuLJZXJ3g4

www.rbc.ru/society/14/09/2020/5f5dcf3f9a794742ec7d8f2e?from=from_main_3&fbclid=IwAR1pWcqI_pnQpwBDTU7tke7_qEc1whIsSsesWHkQyj7OrcCc1BuLJZXJ3g4

13 https://versia.ru/pandemiya-covid-19-vyzvala-rost-...

14 http://cgon.rospotrebnadzor.ru/content/63/4155/

15 http://62.rospotrebnadzor.ru/content/o-vsemirnom-dne-borby-s-pnevmoniey-1?ysclid=l1jg13y8ke

Deputy Head of

FSBI N.F. Gamaleya Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology

of the Ministry of Health of Russia

PhD

April 8, 2021

[Signature] A.A. Hovae.v